Birds Proper Hygiene

June 18, 2018

Birds Proper Hygiene

Bird Hygiene is an important part of husbandry for caged birds because most are confined to a relatively small living space. Soap and water, cleansers and sand paper may be used to clean them, if necessary. Cage-bottom coverings should be changed daily. Cages should be given a through scrubbing and cleaning at least once a month.

Sanitizing products work best if the cage and perches are first given a thorough soap and water scrubbing to remove all of the major contamination. For more amazing cage cover or cage accessories you can just visit online stores like aviariesdepot.com.au

In captivity, our birds depend on us to ensure their environmental needs are tended to as far as cleanliness is concerned. Hygiene, by definition, is the practice of cleanliness that prevents the spread of disease and ensures the preservation of health. Infectious diseases can spread very easily via contaminated drinking water, droppings and feather dust.

Components Of Good Hygiene For Avian :

Outdoor Birds – Hygiene

Wild birds are susceptible to a range of different diseases, some of which are more commonly reported than others. Outbreaks of disease may occur in populations of wild birds wherever they occur, including those visiting gardens.

As such, it is important to be able to recognize signs of disease and to adopt sensible hygiene measures to reduce the risk of disease transmission between individual birds.

Regular cleaning and disinfecting of bird tables, bird baths and hanging feeders is an important part of good hygiene practice when feeding garden birds. Alongside these measures, it is important not to provide more food than birds need.

Ideally, bird tables should be swept clean each day to remove droppings and any uneaten food. Tables and other feeding surfaces should be disinfected on a regular (weekly or fortnightly) cycle using an appropriate disinfectant that are safe for birds, followed by thorough rinsing and air drying before subsequent use. Cleaning equipment should not be used for other purposes and should be kept and used outside.


Hygiene Tips for Outdoor Birds

Amount of food in your feeder is important. If the food you put in it takes days to clear, this means you should reduce the amount.

Ideally, bird tables should be swept clean each day to remove droppings and any uneaten food.

Location of the feeder can protect it from the reach of other animals such as rats. Hanging feeders or bird tables are preferable.

Try to avoid putting the food directly on the ground. Avoid placing a bird table under a tree in which birds perch or roost, since it soon becomes heavily contaminated with droppings.

Keep the bird feeder/table and surrounding area clean and free from droppings or mouldy food. Mouldy food can provide a breeding opportunity for micro-organisms which may make the birds.

The ground beneath feeders should be kept clean by regular sweeping and disinfected through the use of an appropriate disinfectant. You can move your feeding stations to a new area every month to prevent droppings accumulating underneath.

Clean and wash your bird feeders regularly, ideally using a disinfectant solution (used at the manufacturers recommended concentration) followed by rinsing and air drying before being used again. Visit also: Health Implications of Bird Feeders.

Water Containers should be rinsed out every day, particularly during the warmer months. After washing, allow it to dry before filling in with fresh water again.
Bird Baths need to get cleaned and washed thoroughly every now and then, to prevent microbial contamination or droppings accumulated there.
Your Personal Hygiene is also important. Wash your bird feeders outside of your house and use utensils separate from the ones in your kitchen. Always wash your hands before and after handling bird feeders, sick or dead birds in your garden.


Indoor Birds:

As a bird lover you need to think about keeping your bird and its cage clean and all companion birds should visit an avian veterinarian at least once a year for a well-bird checkup

Maintaining a clean environment for your pet takes only a few minutes a day, but can possibly add years to your bird’s life.

Cleaning your bird’s cage may seem like a lot of work, but you will find that if you stick to this simple schedule, you can complete the job with minimal time and effort. Do your part to make sure that your pet stays happy and comfortable by keeping his cage fresh, tidy, and germ-free.


Daily Cleaning

Dirty cages can lead to a host of serious health problems in birds. Certain cleaning must be done every day to minimize your pet’s risk of infection.

Follow these simple steps daily to make sure that your bird’s cage stays in top condition. Check out Bird Care for more ideas regarding your Bird hygiene.

Unchanged cage papers can also emit a very unpleasant stench. Avoid these problems by making sure to replace the liner of your bird’s cage every day.

Remove your bird’s food and water bowls daily and wash them with a mild dish detergent. Make sure to rinse and dry them thoroughly before placing them back in your bird’s cage.
Using a damp rag or paper towel, spot clean the surfaces of the cage, including the bars, perches, and any toys. To clean stubborn, stuck on messes, use a bird-safe cage cleaner.


Weekly Cleaning

Decide on a certain day each week to complete weekly cage cleaning duties. Keeping up with these tasks helps to reduce the chance of germs and bacteria taking up residence with your bird.

Bird cages have a tray at the bottom that the cage liners are placed on. This tray should be removed at least once a week and scrubbed with a damp rag and cage cleaner. Remember to make sure that the tray is dry before putting the liners back in and replacing it.

This grate should be scrubbed weekly to remove any dried droppings that may have collected on it. The easiest way to clean a grate is to place it in a bathtub and use a scrub brush to remove the waste.

Perches can also accumulate dirt and waste, and are a potential breeding ground for bacteria. They should, therefore, be soaked and scrubbed once a week to remove any germs that may be hiding on them.

Much like human babies, birds use their mouths to explore and play with their toys. Once a week, any toys that are in your pet’s cage should be removed, soaked, and scrubbed. You can also visit online stores like aviariesdepot.com.au for more bird products and accessories.

Setting and adhering to a cleaning schedule for your bird’s cage is essential to keeping this job as easy to handle as possible.

Breaking the process down into simple tasks to be completed daily and weekly not only saves you time and energy, but ensures that your bird always has a clean and comfortable cage to live in.


Infection Control

Although birds are relatively low-risk in Terms of their potential to transmit disease to humans, there is always some risk. The risk of illness in a bird and zoonotic transmission can be reduced by proper handling, good management personal hygiene and routine healthcare.

Hand Hygiene

Hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, after handling a bird, cleaning its cage, or contacting droppings or cage bedding.

Children should be supervised by an adult to ensure that this is done properly.

Cleaning Up

Cage bedding should be change daily. This prevents build up droppings and bacterial growth in the bottom of the Cage, and also prevents dropping from dying out, as dried tools can form dust which may be inhaled, along with the bacteria in it.

Periodically the entire cage should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

Hands should always be washed thoroughly with soap and water after cleaning the cage.

Food and water Bowls should be scrubbed with soap and hot water at least once daily and dried completely before being placed back in the cage.


Vitamins And Minerals In Bird Keeping

Ever wished your birds wouldn’t get sick?

And it’s always your best birds, isn’t it! Losing hens, losing chicks, losing show champions. So why do they seem to be so vulnerable?

A number of factors are at work:

  1. Line breeding can cause them to be more vulnerable, but it helps you to work towards the show look you are after.
  2. New stock coming in or birds going to shows can bring infections back to your birdroom
  3. Birds conceal their illness well until it is far advanced, so you have less time/chance to save them
  4. Their daily feed impacts on their health. You are what you eat. Your or a bird’s body cannot be made up of elements it has not consumed.

So let’s look at the impact of feed as, out of the four impacts listed above, it is one you can easily adapt to reduce the likelihood of sickness in your birds.


Good Food That Helps To Keep Sickness at Your Birds

Let’s take a look at the components of feed. We are not looking here at whether the item of feed is a seed, or an eggfood, or sprouting seeds, but rather what any of these might be made up of, what they might have to offer to your birds.

On our own food, such as packaged items bought in the supermarket, you usually see listed the contents in percentage terms of protein, fats, starch (or energy), fibre, sugar and salt. You are also likely to see some levels of various vitamins or minerals listed. You are not likely to see some of the other elements itemised, such as the amino acids, health giving yeasts, probiotics which foods are comprised of.

So out of all these possibilities let’s take a closer look at vitamins and minerals. They are talked about a lot. But why are they considered so important? What do they do?

Below is a table, by way of example, highlighting some of the key benefits of vitamins and minerals. This table does not purport to be complete! Not in the list of ingredients nor in all the issues that they are important for! But hopefully it will give you an idea of the significance, complexity and diversity of impact that vitamins and minerals can have on health.

This short and incomplete list probably leaves you wondering what you are supposed to offer your birds to help improve their health and to help you lose fewer of your favourite birds. The answer is that picking one vitamin as a top up item is not the answer!

This is an approach often favoured by people as it is nice to think there is one magic ingredient that will make all the difference. The truth is that, as you can see from the items in the tables, more than one vitamin or mineral can affect a particular issue. For example, both fertility and nerve and muscle function crop up more than once. These vitamins and minerals alone have many complex interactions in the body and need to work together.

The real answer is that you and your birds need a full and comprehensive blend of all the vitamins and minerals so that the body (yours or your birds) can undertake all the complex interactions that need to go on every hour of every day. Improving the vitamin and mineral profile of your birds’ diets is a great way to get ahead of the game and keep them healthy, which is to say prevent illness in the first place. It’s so much easier than trying to resuscitate them once they have gone down with an infection of some sort. See also: Foods and Treats For Bird



Let’s Look At The Typical Components of Seed

Overall dry seeds, virtually whatever type they are, are great sources of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates provide energy to the body. But dry seeds are seriously lacking in vitamins, minerals and protein. Indeed they contain no vitamin A for example.

So the dried seed diets fed to birds kept at home leave them vulnerable to all sorts of health problems developing. It is important to make sure other foods and supplements are provided to help keep them well. Of course, in the wild birds have access to a much more varied diet they can control themselves and they lead vastly more active, not sedentary lifestyles, which also brings benefits not available to birds at home.

So, in summary, what you feed your birds can have an enormous impact on their health and well-being, vitality, fertility, feathering quality and ability to overcome illness. And this article just looks at a couple of aspects of nutrition for health.


Products to Consider to Help you to Fitter, Healthier Birds:

EasyBird Rest, Moult and Show (to add to eggfood or soaked seed) - A broad spectrum mixture of vitamins and minerals, including calcium.

Calcivet (CalciBoost), in powder or liquid. A highly available source of chelated calcium, combined with magnesium and vitamin D3, as these three items interact significantly with each other to bring great health benefits. In our experience, hens need more calcium during the breeding season and Calcivet is a great way to add more to the diet.



Keeping your feeders, water bowls, nestboxes, bird tables and dining stations clean will not only make them look better and last longer, it will also keep your garden birds healthy and happy.


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